Cordoba - The Alacazar
Rulers of Cordoba
Moorish rule lasted from 711 to 1236 in this town. The Moorish ruler, Boabdil or Mohammed XII had had his states reduced to a tributary as the Christian kingdoms besieged Granada. He had requested help in retaking the city from his family. In 1236 Ferdinand III of Castile captured the city.
Architecture of the Alcazar
The Alcazar is perfectly square. On each corner, there is a tower. Each one is of a different shape. The Torre de la Vela or Tower of the Dove no longer exists. It was destroyed in the XIXth Century. The surviving towers are:
The first of these is the entrance. It is also the popular. Its name comes from one of the gargoyles. Its ceilings are wonderful examples of Gothic art. It is the view from the top that attracts most people. You can see the gardens, the river and much more from there. The third in our list was where executions took place during the Inquisition.
Inside the Alcazar
There are Gardens, baths and some Roman artifacts inside. The gardens are around it and warmly invite you in. The Patio Morisco or Court of the Moors is in the centre of the Alcazar. Look for the coat of arms. They are full of pools, fountains, cypress and orange trees. The eastern side holds the Door to Seville with its dedication to the poet Ibn Hazm. Go through the gardens until you reach a long path with statues of kings and queens. Do not forget to stop by the Albolafia, which was a wheel bringing in water from the river to the gardens.
A Quick Virtual Tour
When you walk around inside the fortress, make your way to the Mosaics Hall.
They are all spectacular and a few date from the time of the first Roman emperor,
Augustus. Look for the 3rd Century sarcophagus. It might seem a bit out of
place here. Make your way down to the baths, or at least what remains of their
four rooms. The baths became an interrogation room when the Inquisition sat
in the Alcazar.